Damascus VG-10 steel - Knifever

The VG-10 Damascus steel knife is one of the knives defined by the material and structure of the blade.

67 layers of Damascus blade
The VG-10 steel core is sandwiched between the Damascus steel on both sides.

The cutting edge of VG10 steel is very hard (HRC: 62) and very sharp.

Damascus blades are made by superimposing different steel layers. Not easy to bend and break.

Composition of VG-10 steel


  • 1.05 % of Carbon: It improves hardness and wear/corrosion resistance, but a high amount of it decreases strength.
  • 15.5 % of Chromium: For tensile strength and Edge retention and enhances corrosion resistance and wear resistance.
  • 0.5 % of Manganese: Increases hardness and brittleness.
  • 1.2% of Molybdenum: Increase Machinability and strength.
  • 0.3% of Vanadium: Improves wear resistance and hardenability.
  • 1.5% Cobalt: boosts the individual effects of other components

 

High-End steel is a balanced combination of materials, in this case, the VG 10 steel is high in carbon and chromium, which makes it stainless steel with excellent corrosion resistance and with high hardness, and the presence of the cobalt amplifies the effect of all the materials in the steel.

 

What are the VG 10 Stainless steel properties

According to the chemical composition and the HRC of the VG10 stainless steel, it offers the following properties:

Edge Retention: With a 60HRC steel, the VG 10 is a hard steel that offers a great edge retention.

Corrosion Resistance: 15.5% of chromium is great evidence of the excellent corrosion resistance of the VG10, that’s why it’s considered one of the best steels for corrosion resistance (But still it doesn’t mean that its immune to corrosion).

Wear Resistance: Being high-end steel with high carbon volume, the VG10 steel offers a great wear ressitance.

Sharpness:  is VG 10 steel easy to sharpen?

The combination of the VG 10 steel makes its hard steel and easy to sharpen at the same time, so the sharpening experience won’t be so hard for the VG10.

Machinability: The VG10 is very machinable and easy to grind.

Toughness: The VG10 is a sturdy steel, being stainless steel with a high level of chromium in it, it also has Molybdenum which gives it a high toughness and strength.


The best choice is VG-10 Damascus steel

 

 

VG10 VS S30V

VG10 S30V
EDGE RETENTION 5/10 5/10
EASE OF SHARPNESS 6/10 5/10
CORROSION RESISTANCE 7/10 7/10
TOUGHNESS 4/10 6/10

VG10 VS D2

VG10 D2
EDGE RETENTION 5/10 3.5/10
EASE OF SHARPNESS 6/10 4/10
CORROSION RESISTANCE 7/10 4/10
TOUGHNESS 4/10

6/10

VG10 VS S35VN

VG10 S35VN
EDGE RETENTION 5/10 6/10
EASE OF SHARPNESS 6/10 6/10
CORROSION RESISTANCE 7/10 7/10
TOUGHNESS 4/10 6/10


Is there no better tool than VG-10?


There are also stainless steels that are harder than VG10, such as powdered high-speed steel. However, hard does not mean strong. If the stickiness (flexibility) is lacking, the hard blade will break. The most important thing is the balance of hardness and viscosity (flexibility). Moreover, this kind of steel is very expensive, which increases the price of the product exponentially.
Broken Blade

Finally, we believe that vg-10 Damascus is the best stainless steel for kitchen knives.


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